Signs, Causes, And Complications Of Depression

Signs, Causes, And Complications Of Depression


Major depressive disorder or depression is a common mental health complaint worldwide, causing persistent sadness, loss of interest, hopelessness, social withdrawal, etc. With depression performing day-to-day activities becomes troublesome. Untreated conditions can lead to severity/complications, resulting in both physical and emotional problems.

Clinical depression is a more severe form of depression. One might need long-term treatment for clinical depression management. This mood disorder can occur due to exposure to stressful events, injuries, etc. Many times, family history or genetics play a role here. Visit your psychiatrist at the best rehabilitation centre in Siliguri.

What are the symptoms of depression?

Signs and symptoms of depression may vary from person to person, including:

  • Feelings of hopelessness
  • A feeling of helplessness that doesn’t heal over time
  • A feeling of emptiness or loneliness
  • Lacking interest in personal care, such as hygiene,
  • No interest in hobbies, or day-to-day activities
  • Trouble concentrating, remembering things, and making decisions
  • Feelings of persistent sadness
  • A sense of guilt for no reason persists
  • Getting easily irritated, angry, or annoyed
  • Insomnia or difficulty falling asleep
  • Experiencing body, headaches, digestive problems
  • Lack of appetite and poor appetite
  • Feeling worthless as if there’s no meaning in life
  • Unable to enjoy life even if surrounded by loved ones
  • Overeating and binge eating
  • Fatigue, lack of energy, or being easily worn out
  • Suicidal thoughts, and suicidal attempts

If depression is not treated, managing school, work life and other social engagements becomes downright troublesome. This mental health condition affects personal and interpersonal relationships as well.

In older adults, depression may interfere with memory, leading to memory loss, social withdrawal, or even suicidal thinking. Get in touch with the best rehabilitation centre in Siliguri for depression care.

What are the causes of depression?

The definitive cause of depression is unknown but physician changes in the brain, changes in the hormones in the body, brain chemistry, having blood relatives, etc. may be the causes. There’re factors increasing the likelihood of major depressive disorder include:

  • Exposure to a stressful life event like physical abuse, mental abuse, domestic violence, losing a loved one
  • First-degree relatives or blood relatives with depression
  • Relationship difficulties, financial difficulties
  • Being in an unsupportive situation
  • Recreational drug abuse, alcohol abuse
  • Chronic health problems like cancer, heart disease, pain, stroke

What are the complications of depression?

In simple terms, depression is a complex mental health disorder and without expert assistance, it can cause complications, which are not restricted to the mental illness. Given below are some complications of clinical depression:

  • Social isolation
  • Suicidal thoughts and attempts
  • Chronic pain
  • Hormonal imbalance leading to diabetes, thyroid dysfunction
  • Obesity
  • Heart disease
  • Panic disorder
  • Anxiety
  • Social phobia
  • Substance use disorder
  • Family conflicts
  • Difficulty dealing with work/education

In order to help with major depressive disorder/clinical depression, long-term maintenance is vital. Follow your depression treatment plan and ensure follow-up checkups as recommended by your psychiatrist. See your specialist at the best rehab centre in Siliguri. In some cases, hospital or residential treatment protocols are followed. In most cases, medications, lifestyle modifications, and psychotherapy are effective enough.

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