Understating the concept of how an individual dives into addiction is utterly deep in itself. Several studies, researches, medical data make the easier for us to get the basic notion of the construction of the addiction process. The practice of addition is not only due to weakness, restlessness, or stimulation every time but also caused by genetics. It can be anyone at any stage of life, gets affected by the influence of addiction. Consult the specialist at Shanti Mindcare rehabilitation center in Siliguri.
What Exactly Addiction is?
Simply put, addiction is an intense urge for substances and that urge is downright unstoppable. Substances like alcohol, cannabis, weed, marijuana, prescribed meds, or can be any, that develop a biopsychosocial disorder in individuals, and over time become life-threatening.
Once the brain gets obsessed with frequent exposure to drugs, it triggers and alters its basic terms and systems. This dysfunction occurs due to the body’s manic calling for the “reward”.
The early signs of addiction-
- Change in appetite
- Significant loss of energy
- Eye noticing changes in appearance
- Anger over silly/small things
- Trouble sleeping
- Troubles in maintaining good communication, relationships
- Poor work performance, lack of attendance
Construction of the Addiction Process
Only a specific number of folks exploit substances and become core addicts and others are not.
It’s easy to get a simple picture of it – like, every one of us is different, so is our disposition and perception. And that is the basic indicator to determine whether an individual is sensitive to get affected by substances or not.
Below are 3 sections of the building blocks of Addiction-
- Environment and Genetics
- Neurobiological Changes
- Risk Factors
Environment and Genetics
What medical studies have included is, addiction can be hereditary. An individual may have a higher chance of developing an addictive practice if he/she is born into a family. Up to 60% of cases regarding addition are potentially related to genetics. But this is only a parameter that suggests one may have chances to grow such type of order.
Environmental factors that contribute to substance dependency are-
- A toxic family
- Peer pressure
- Smooth access to substances
The severe effects of substance misuse restrict the brain’s proper functioning that includes- the reward system, learning process, decision-making capability, stress control, and self-control.
Addictive substances like alcohol, cocaine, opioids produce a flow of pleasure of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the basal ganglia. Here, the certain effects of drugs help the circuits of basal ganglia lower their responsiveness to dopamine. Consequently triggers a high range of euphoric effects in an addict’s brain.
Specific risk factors of addiction involve-
- Family history
- Frequency of the misuse
- Pressure from the peers
- Different types of mental health problems
- Relationships issues